Saturday, January 18, 2020

Leetcode solution 229: Major Element II

Problem Statement 

Given an integer array of size n, find all elements that appear more than ⌊ n/3 ⌋ times.
Note: The algorithm should run in linear time and in O(1) space.
Example 1:
Input: [3,2,3]
Output: [3]
Example 2:
Input: [1,1,1,3,3,2,2,2]
Output: [1,2]
 Problem link

Video Tutorial

You can find the detailed video tutorial here

Thought Process

It's a follow up question on Majority Element, given the hint, there should only be at most 2 elements that can satisfy the requirement (You cannot have 3 elements that all appear more than n/3 times). We can perform the voting algorithm on two potential candidates and later do an actual sum to eliminate the false positive (e.g., [1, 2, 1] would have both 1 and 2 as potential candidate, but 2 should not be included)

You can refer to Majority Element for a detailed explanation on the voting algorithm.

An extension could be changing n/3 to n/k. We just need extra arrays to store votes and candidates. It will take O(Nk) time complexity


Voting implementation

Time Complexity: O(N) where N is the array size
Space Complexity: O(1) Constant space


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